Everything You Need to Know About Eye Health in Senior Dogs

Rover Veterinary Care

Everything You Need to Know About Eye Health in Senior Dogs

Everything You Need to Know About Eye Health in Senior Dogs

Senior dogs, just like senior humans, require special care as they age. One of the critical aspects of their health is maintaining good eye health. Aging can bring about several eye problems in dogs, and early detection and treatment are vital for ensuring they continue to have a good quality of life.

If you're considering in home euthanasia in Reno, NV due to serious health issues in your senior dog, contact Rover Veterinary Care for compassionate and informed guidance.

Why Eye Health Matters in Senior Dogs

Eye health is crucial for dogs of all ages, but it becomes even more critical as they reach their senior years. Poor eye health can lead to pain, discomfort, and a decreased quality of life. Here are some reasons why maintaining eye health in senior dogs is essential:

  • Quality of Life: Good vision helps senior dogs enjoy their daily activities and environment.
  • Safety: Healthy eyes allow your dog to avoid accidents and obstacles.
  • Detection of Other Health Issues: Eye problems can sometimes be an indicator of other underlying health conditions.

Common Eye Problems in Senior Dogs


Cataracts are a common issue in aging dogs. They cause the lens of the eye to become cloudy, leading to vision impairment or loss. Symptoms include:

  • Cloudy or bluish-gray appearance in the eye
  • Difficulty seeing in low light
  • Bumping into objects


Glaucoma is a condition where the pressure inside the eye increases, potentially leading to blindness if left untreated. Symptoms include:

  • Redness in the white of the eye
  • Watery discharge
  • Sensitivity to light

Dry Eye (Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca)

Dry eye occurs when the tear glands don’t produce enough tears, leading to discomfort and potential damage to the cornea. Symptoms include:

  • Red and irritated eyes
  • Mucous discharge
  • Frequent blinking

Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA)

PRA is a genetic condition that leads to the gradual deterioration of the retina, causing blindness. Symptoms include:

  • Night blindness
  • Dilated pupils
  • Reluctance to move in dim light

How to Maintain Eye Health in Senior Dogs

Regular Veterinary Check-ups

Regular check-ups with your vet are essential. They can detect early signs of eye problems and provide the necessary treatment. A general guideline is to have a vet check your senior dog’s eyes at least twice a year.

Home Eye Care Routine

Maintain a simple eye care routine at home to keep your dog's eyes healthy:

  • Cleanliness: Gently clean around your dog’s eyes with a damp cloth to remove any debris or discharge.
  • Monitor: Keep an eye out for any changes in appearance or behavior that could indicate an issue.
  • Protect: Shield your dog's eyes from irritants like dust, wind, and harsh chemicals.

Diet and Nutrition

A balanced diet rich in antioxidants can support eye health. Foods like carrots, blueberries, and leafy greens are excellent options. Consult your vet for a diet plan tailored to your dog’s specific needs.

Medications and Supplements

Your vet might recommend medications or supplements to support eye health. Omega-3 fatty acids, for example, are known to support retinal health. Always consult your vet before starting any new medication or supplement.

Treatment Options for Eye Problems

Medical Treatment

Depending on the issue, your vet might prescribe medications such as eye drops or ointments. Conditions like dry eye and early-stage glaucoma can often be managed with medication.

Surgical Treatment

For more severe conditions, surgery might be necessary. Cataract surgery, for example, can restore vision in many cases. Always discuss the risks and benefits with your vet to make an informed decision.

When to Consider In Home Euthanasia

In some cases, eye problems might be part of a broader decline in health. If your senior dog is suffering and their quality of life is severely affected, it might be time to consider in home euthanasia. This is a compassionate option that allows your dog to pass peacefully in the comfort of their home.

Rover Veterinary Care in Reno, NV offers in home euthanasia services. Our compassionate team understands how difficult this decision is and we strive to provide the support and care you need during this time.


Maintaining eye health in senior dogs is essential for their overall well-being and quality of life. Regular veterinary check-ups, a good home care routine, and proper diet can make a significant difference. However, if your senior dog's health issues become too severe, considering humane options like in home euthanasia might be the most compassionate choice.

For more information or to discuss your senior dog's health, contact Rover Veterinary Care in Reno, NV today. Our team is here to support you and your furry friend every step of the way.

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